To determine whether rehospitalization during the first 2 years after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with poor participation at 5 years post-TBI, after controlling for demographic and severity factors.Setting:
TBI Model Systems Program.Participants:
Community-dwelling individuals with TBI, 16 years or older (n = 1940).Design:
Retrospective data analysis of a multicenter prospective study.Main Measures:
Participation Assessment with Recombined Tools-Objective (PART-O).Results:
After controlling for demographic and severity factors, a general linear model indicated that rehospitalization status (ie, never rehospitalized during years 1 and 2, rehospitalized either during year 1 or 2, or rehospitalized during both years 1 and 2) predicted less participation at 5 years post-TBI (P = .0353). The PART-O scores were in the hypothesized direction, with the lowest covariate-adjusted mean participation score found for the group with rehospitalizations during both years and the highest covariate-adjusted mean participation score found in the group with no rehospitalizations. Examining total number of rehospitalizations during years 1 and 2, rather than rehospitalization status, yielded analogous results (P = .0148).Conclusions:
This study suggests that rehospitalization in the first 2 years after TBI is negatively associated with participation at 5 years after injury. Since participation is considered a key indicator of successful TBI rehabilitation, minimizing the need for rehospitalizations and promoting health in the community setting should be a priority of postacute care for individuals with TBI.