New TSP Construction Heuristics and Their Relationships to the 2-Opt

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Correction heuristics for the traveling salesman problem (TSP), with the 2-Opt applied as a postprocess, are studied with respect to their tour lengths and computation times. This study analyzes the “2-Opt dependency,” which indicates how the performance of the 2-Opt depends on the initial tours built by the construction heuristics. In accordance with the analysis, we devise a new construction heuristic, the recursive-selection with long-edge preference (RSL) method, which runs faster than the multiple-fragment method and produces a comparable tour when they are combined with the 2-Opt.

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