Use of generalized transfer function-derived central blood pressure for the calculation of baroreflex gain

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Abstract

Background

Peripheral blood pressure measurement underestimates pressure changes during baroreflex testing, resulting in an overestimation of baroreflex gain. This error might be reduced by measuring central blood pressure; the invasive measurement, however, may represent ethical and practical problems. The solution may be the derivation of central blood pressure from the peripheral pulse using a generalized transfer function.

Methods

In the current study, we tested the agreement between catheter-measured and generalized transfer function derived central blood pressure measurements and corresponding baroreflex gains. ECG and blood pressure waveforms were monitored continuously during a phenylephrine-induced pressure rise in 22 subjects undergoing cardiac catheterization. Pressure was measured with a catheter positioned in the aorta and with applanation tonometry in the radial artery. Radial pressure waveforms were subject to a generalized transfer function built in the SphygmoCor device to derive central pressure waveforms. Radial tonometric signal was calibrated with catheter-measured (invasive) and sphygmomanometric (noninvasive) pressures. Baroreflex gains were calculated from the linear regressions between heart period and systolic pressure changes.

Results

When radial tonometric signal was calibrated invasively, there was no group difference between baroreflex gains calculated from SphygmoCor-derived and catheter-measured pressures (8.2 ± 1.2 vs. 7.2 ± 1.2 ms/mmHg, P = NS). When radial tonometric signal was calibrated noninvasively, however, baroreflex gains calculated from SphygmoCor-derived pressures overestimated those calculated from catheter-measured pressures.

Conclusion

Using a generalized transfer function is an accurate method to derive central pressure changes for baroreflex gain calculation. The technique, however, requires invasive pressure measurements for calibration, leaving the problem of a fully noninvasive central pressure measurement unresolved.

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