A randomized and controlled study of noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring as a guide to drug treatment of uncontrolled hypertensive patients

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Abstract

Background:

In the BEtter control of BP in hypertensive pAtients monitored Using the HOTMAN sYstem study, we investigated whether utilizing noninvasive monitoring of hemodynamic parameters combined with a drug selection algorithm (integrated hemodynamic management – IHM) compared with conventional drug selection may improve uncontrolled hypertension in European Hypertension Excellence centers.

Method:

Uncontrolled (office SBP >140 mmHg and ambulatory daytime SBP >135 mmHg while taking ≥2 antihypertensive drugs) essential hypertensive patients were referred to five European Hypertension Excellence centers and, if eligible, were randomized to IHM-guided (n = 83) vs. conventional (control, n = 84) treatment adjustment in an investigator-initiated multicenter prospective randomized parallel groups controlled study.

Results:

The average number of antihypertensive drugs increased from 3.1 to 4.1 in both groups and differed only in a rise of the use of diuretics in the IHM groups (from 13 to 31%). Daytime SBP, defined as the primary endpoint, decreased markedly and to the same extent from baseline to 6 months in IHM (–15.8 ± 14.8 mmHg) and control (–15.4 ± 14.5 mmHg) groups (P = 0.87), with a similar behavior of office SBP (no between group differences, P = 0.18). Average number of adverse events was significantly lower in IHM than in controls (P = 0.008) but of the more general type and not necessarily related to drug treatment.

Conclusion:

Thus, noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring associated with a drug selection algorithm induced similar reductions in ambulatory daytime and office SBP compared with conventional drug selection in uncontrolled hypertensive patients referred to European Hypertension Excellence centers.

Conclusion:

Clinical Trial Registration – URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01482364

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