Oscillometric analysis compared with cardiac magnetic resonance for the assessment of aortic pulse wave velocity in patients with myocardial infarction

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Measurement of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) is the gold standard for assessment of aortic stiffness. In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), high aortic PWV has deleterious effects on the myocardium. In the present study, we compared a novel oscillometric device with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging for the assessment of aortic PWV in STEMI patients.


We measured aortic PWV in 60 reperfused STEMI patients using two different methods. The oscillometric method (PWVOSC) is based on mathematical transformation of brachial pressure waveforms, oscillometrically determined using a common cuff (Mobil-O-Graph, I.E.M., Stolberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany). Phase-contrast CMR imaging (1.5 T scanner, Siemens, Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany) at the level of the ascending and abdominal aorta was performed to determine CMR-derived pulse wave velocity with the use of the transit time method.


The mean age of the study population was 57 ± 11 years; 11 (18%) were women. Median PWVOSC was 7.4 m/s (interquartile range 6.8–8.9 m/s), and median CMR-derived pulse wave velocity was 6.3 m/s (interquartile range 5.7–8.2 m/s) (P < 0.001). A strong correlation was detected between both methods (r = 0.724, P < 0.001). Bland–Altman analysis revealed a bias of 0.62 m/s (upper and lower limit of agreement: 3.84 and −2.61 m/s). The coefficient of variation between both methods was 21%.


In reperfused STEMI patients, aortic PWV assessed noninvasively by transformation of brachial pressure waveforms showed an acceptable agreement with the CMR-derived transit time method.

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