PS 05-02 PREVALENCE OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION, DIURNAL PATTERN OF BLOOD PRESSURE IN BRANCH RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION PATIENTS

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Abstract

Objective:

To identify in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and clinical blood pressure measures: hypertension prevalence, and diurnal pattern of blood pressure.

Design and Method:

Retrospectively, 47 patients with branch retinal vein occlusion were submitted to clinical evaluation and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Non-dipper was defined as a fall in systolic blood pressure ≤ 10%, and dipper when this value was higher.

Results:

Fifteen (31.9 %) patients were diagnosed as hypertensive after office blood pressure measurement. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring identified 13 hypertensives, 15 normotensives, 2 white-coat hypertensive and 17 masked hypertensive subjects.

Results:

Among 13 hypertensive and 17 masked hypertensive subjects, 7 (23.3 %) were dippers and 23 (76.6 %) were non-dippers.

Conclusions:

Prevalence of masked hypertension in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion was high (64%) and more than two-thirds of hypertensive patients were non-dippers.

Conclusions:

These evidences suggest that ambulatory blood pressure monitor may be essential examination for patient with branch retinal vein occlusion.

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