To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of hypertension in Zhuanghe region.Design and Method:
By adopting the cross-sectional study, the 3500 original residents were chosen from the country of Zhuanghe randomly. Using adjusting questionnaire of WHO-Monica study including smoking, alcohol consumption, daily salt intake, physical activity, receiving health education times, family history, history of diabetes and coronary heart disease were recorded. Each participator was receiving physical examination, and the human parameters of height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference were measured. Counting BMI. Testing blood biochemical parameters, The SPSS 19.0 statistical software was used for data analysis. The categorical data was expressed by the percentage and analyzed by the chi-square test. The univariate analysis was applied by Pearson linear regression analysis. The correlation analysis of multiple factors and hypertension prevalence rate was applied by multivariate Logistic regression analyses.Results:
3500 residents take part in the investigation, the hypertension prevalence rate is 69.89%, the awareness rate is 30.49%, the treatment rate is 35.78%. In this crowd, the male crude prevalence rate is 75.62%(1244/1645). The female crude prevalence rate is 62.5%(1088/1740); Univariate Pearson linear correlation analysis for application analysis showed: smoking, drinking, daily salt intake, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, LDL-C and the prevalence of hypertension was positively correlated (P > 0.05), and exercise, received health education times, HDL-C and the prevalence of hypertension was negatively correlated (P > 0.05); multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed: smoking, drinking, high-salt diet, LDL-C is a risk factor, and the amount of exercise, received health education times, HDL-C is a protective factor.Conclusions:
The hypertensive prevalence rate of Zhuanghe residents was 68.89%, smoking, high alcohol consumption, high-salt diet, less exercise and lack of health education is vital risk factors. lifestyle intervention on hypertension population could help to prevention and control of hypertension.