Gestational hypertension or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is the development of new hypertension in a pregnant woman after 20 weeks gestation without the presence of protein in the urine or other signs of pre-eclampsia. The aim of this study is to analyze the impact of gestational hypertension on the quality of life of these patients.Design and Method:
Questionnaire based cross sectional study was done on 256 patients admitted with gestational hypertension (established according to the clinical and laboratory methods) in the Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in the University Hospital between 1st January 2014 and 30th June 2015. EuroQol - 5D-5L questionnaire was administered in these patients during the third trimester visit to the gynaecology department. EuroQol 5D-5L comprises of 5 dimensions: mobility, self care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. Each dimension has 5 levels: no problem, slight problems, moderate problems, severe problems and extreme problems.Results:
The study revealed that among patients with gestational hypertension, according to EuroQol 5D, in case of mobility 8% were with moderate problems, 3% with severe problems and 1% with extreme problems. 5% of the patients had moderate problems, 2% had severe problems and 0.5% were with extreme problems on self care dimension. When considering the dimension pain/discomfort, 18% had moderate problems, 8% had severe problems and 2% had extreme problems. In case of anxiety/depression, 34% had moderate problems, 12% had severe problems and 6% were with extreme problems. With usual activities, 12% had moderate problems, 4% had severe problems and 1% had extreme problems.Conclusions:
The study revealed that the incidence of anxiety/depression are at a high rate in patients with gestational hypertension. Hence proper psychological rehabilitation is to be implemented in patients with gestational hypertension in-order to improve their quality of life during the course of pregnancy.