Arterial hypertension (AH) is one of the most common diseases of the cardiovascular system, which still remains one of the most important public health problems in many developed countries. The prevalence of hypertension in the world to 30–40%. Hypertensive patients significantly increase the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with it. To determine the prevalence of risk factors (RF) of cardiovascular disease in the presence and absence of hypertension among the internally displaced population of Sumgait and unorganized population of Baku city.Design and Method:
The study was a representative sample of displaced people living in the city of Sumgait - 865 men aged 20–59 years, as well as a similar sample of the unorganized population of Baku city. Blood pressure measurement was carried out under standard conditions with twice the calculation of the arithmetic mean. Also studied such risk factors, such as low physical activity (LPA), overweight (BMI), alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking. We determined the lipid profile - total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG) and cholesterol high density lipoproteins (HDL).Results:
The frequency of LPA registration among this population of men was greater in the presence of hypertension compared with its absence of (66,4 ± 2,7% and 53,3 ± 2,1%, p < 0,001). Similar data were recorded against BMI (55,6 ± 2,9% and 39,5 ± 2,0%, p < 0,001), obesity (51,2 ± 3,9% and 30,2 ± 1,7%, p < 0,001), hypercholesterolemia (60,5 ± 7,9% and 22,7 ± 4,0%, p < 0,05), hypo - HDL (17,9 ± 3,7% and 10.9 ± 3,0%, p < 0,05), TG (36,8 ± 4,7% and 53,3 ± 2,1%, p < 0,001) and dyslipidemia (DLP) (42,5 ± 4,8% and 25,5 ± 4,2%, p < 0,01). In the unorganized population of men aged 20–59 years, Baku prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was 5.99%, TG-23.81%, hypo-HDL-33.2%, DLP- 42.23%, BMI -7.12%, LPA-34.94%.Conclusions:
We established the main features of the epidemiology of RF for cardiovascular disease are the basis for the development of effective measures for its prevention.