It is known that the presence of arterial hypertension (AH) accelerates the progression of microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). In this regard, it was also interesting to determine the frequency of hypertension in patients with prediabetes, since early disturbances of carbohydrate metabolism (DCM) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular complications. This study is to investigate the prevalence of hypertension in women with disturbances of carbohydrate metabolism.Design and Method:
The survey took place for 952 women aged 20–59 years who were divided into 4 age groups. All surveyed in the morning measured blood pressure (BP) in the sitting position, with the 5-minute intervals. Verification of the diagnosis, staging AH performed according to the criteria recommended by the WHO, if BP ≥ 140/90 mmHg. The level of glucose in the blood plasma was determined by the glucometer. The presence of DM was determined in the case of basal fasting glucose was > 6.1 mmol/L.Results:
The prevalence of AH in the population we studied was statistically significantly higher in the presence of DCM as a whole, compared with its absence of (45.4 ± 5.5% and 27.6 ± 1.5%, respectively, p < 0,001). The incidence of AH in the presence of DM type 2 was significantly higher than in its absence (54.7 ± 6.8% and 27.9 ± 1.5%, respectively, p < 0.01), corresponds to the recognized parameter. The prevalence of AH is also more common the subjects with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) than normal (32.5 ± 7.4% and 29.3 ± 1.5%, respectively, p > 0,05).Conclusions:
The prevalence of AH in the presence of DCM in general, DM type 2, and especially IFG was greater than in its absence.