PS 09-24 THE PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION IN THE POPULATION OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED MALE 20–59 YEARS

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Abstract

Objective:

Arterial hypertension (AH)-a common disease of the cardiovascular system remains a serious public health problem in developed countries. Its prevalence in the world, 30–40% of the adult population. Hypertensive patients significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with it. To investigate the prevalence of AH the population of internally displaced males aged 20–59 years.

Design and Method:

The final screening has been 865 men, aged 20–59 years, who were divided in 4 age groups: 20–29, 30–39, 40–49 and 50–59 years. All surveyed morning in a sitting position, three times measured blood pressure (BP), with the calculation of the average index. Diagnosis of AH installed if systolic BP (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg.

Results:

In our study, it was found 275 men with AH (1/3 surveyed), which amounted to 31.8 ± 1.6%. The prevalence of AH was significantly increased from the minimum value in the 20–29 years (7.4 ± 1.7%) to the maximum in the 50–59 years (67.8 ± 3.3%, p < 0.001). The maximum rate of frequency of AH registration growth was recorded by us in the age range between 20–29 and 30–39 years. Systolic AH (SAH) met in 15.8 ± 1.2%, which accounted for half of persons with AH. The minimum value of this index was characterized by increased more than 2-fold (12.7 ± 2.2%) for the age group 20–29 years (5.2 ± 1.5%), then at 30–39, further very slightly increased in 40–49 years (14.3 ± 2.4%), while the age group 50–59 years, the prevalence of SAH was increased again by more than 2 times compared to the previous age group (32.7 ± 3.3%).

Conclusions:

1. AH met 1/3 of the surveyed men in 31.8 ± 1.6% cases. 2. The maximum values of AH observed in the age group 50–59 years and amounted to 67.8 ± 3.3%, and the minimum-at the age of 20–29 years as 7.4 ± 1.7%. 3. Systolic AH occurs in 5.2 ± 1.5% of patients.

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