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To find the prevalence of hidden depression among patients of hypertension residing in a rural area of Delhi, India.To find the prevalence of hidden depression among patients of hypertension residing in a rural area of Delhi, India.It was a community based prospective study done in Barwala village of Delhi over a period of one year. A baseline survey was conducted among 1005 participants in the village to find prevalence of hypertension- both already diagnosed and newly diagnosed during survey. 67 participants who were found to be suffering from hypertension at the end of survey were traced back after 6 months and screened for depression. Data was collected using pretested semi structured questionnaire and prevalence of depression was determined by a validated tool; Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders - PRIME MD (Patient Health Questionnaire-9). Data was analysed using SPSS version-17. The information collected was kept confidential and their informed consent was taken. Ethical clearance was obtained from Institutional Ethical Committee.There were 28 (41.8%) males and 39 (58.2%) females participated in the study. A majority were Hindu (97%), married (92.5%), literate (80.6%) and unemployed (61.2%). 9 (13.4%) subjects were found to have depression. Out of these 9 patients, 2 were previously diagnosed cases of depression.Prevalence of depression among hypertensive patients is higher as that of general population. All hypertension patients should be screened for presence of depressive symptoms and appropriate management should be undertaken.