LBPS 02-48 THE KNOWLEDGE LEVEL OF HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS, DO WE NEED TO DO MORE?

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Abstract

Objective:

In this study, we evaluated the knowledge level of hypertensive patients and compared it with various parameters.

Design and Method:

The study included 150 consecutive patients (66 ± 13 years, 73 female), who accepted to fulfill a questionnaire form, which included 18 true-or-false questions about HT and 14 multiple-choiced question about the patient profile. A nurse attended the patient to clarify the questions when necessary during the fulfilling process. Answers were analyzed both descriptively and comparatively by using SPSS 15.0.

Results:

None of the patients answered all the questions correctly. Mean number of correct answers was 10.4 ± 3.4. The number of correct answers was related to the level of education (Chi square 16.3; p = 0,003), to know adverse effects of the drug (p = 0,017), to read the prospectus of the drug (p = 0,033). The least correctly answered question was “The cause of the majority of headaches is hypertension.”, while the most correctly answered one was “Hypertension and smoking increases the risk of heart diseases.”

Conclusions:

The knowledge level of hypertensive patients is not at an adequate level. The patients, especially those ones with lower level of education, needs to be educated. We believe that the cardiac rehabilitation units for outpatients and discharge education for inpatients should be promoted for hypertensive patients.

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