LBPS 03-22 PREREQUISITES EXISTS FOR COMMUNITY-BASED INTERVENTION FOR HYPERTENSION IN NEPAL: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY AMONG FEMALE COMMUNITY HEALTH VOLUNTEERS

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Abstract

Objective:

The study aims to explore Female Community Health Volunteers’ knowledge and attitudes related to hypertension.

Design and Method:

A cross-sectional survey was conducted with Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHV) located inside Lekhnath Municipality. A total of 113 FCHVs were interviewed in the survey using a questionnaire on knowledge and attitudes related to hypertension.

Results:

The percentages of FCHVs with low, medium and high level of knowledge were 43%, 24% and 31% respectively. A majority of FCHVs agreed that smoking (69.8%), alcohol (77.8%), low physical activity (42.4%), high salt intake (65.4%), high fat intake (78.7%) and genetics (53.9%) are major risk factors for hypertension. Almost all of the respondents considered hypertension as a major problem in their community and they would like to receive training for blood pressure screening. No significant differences were observed in the knowledge and attitudes related to hypertension in relation to demographic characteristics of FCHVs.

Conclusions:

Our study demonstrates that the prerequisites exist for development and implementation of an intervention aimed at mobilizing FCHVs for detection and management of hypertension at community level in Nepal.

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