The objective of the study is to know the prevalence of hypertension (HT), cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and cardiovascular disease in the hypertensive patients compared to the non hypertensive in the IBERICAN study, in patients attended in primary care in Spain.Design and method:
The IBERICAN study is a longitudinal, observational, and multicenter study in which are including subjects from 18 to 85 years of age, attended daily in primary care. It is estimated to reach a sample of 15,000 patients that will be followed at least 5 years. The baseline characteristics of a court are presented during the period of inclusion (n = 3.042).Results:
3.042 patients were included, 1.429 patients are HT (47.4), their average age was 65.3 ± 10.9 years, 50.5% women. The antiquity of the HT: 9.7 ± 6.4 years. Body mass index was 28.5 ± 5 kgm2. The degree of blood pressure control was 58.5%. 7.6% patients had microalbuminuria by albumina/creatinina ratio and a 0.7% had proteinuria, a 13.7% chronic kidney disease by CKD-EPI criteria. The prevalence of CVRF between HT vs non-HT were: Dyslipidemia 66.4% vs 35.9%, p < 0, 0001; Diabetes 30.6% vs 8.5%, p < 0, 0001; Obesity 44.4% vs 32.5%, p < 0, 0001; smoking 13.5% vs 22.7%, p < 0, 0001. Cardiovascular disease was 21.6% vs 10.2%, p < 0, 000, coronary heart disease 10.7% vs. 5.3%, p < 0, 000; stroke 6.5% VS 3%, p < 0,000; heart failure 4.8% vs 1.3%, p < 0,000 and peripheral arterial disease 5% vs 2%; p < 0,000.Conclusions:
Patients with arterial hypertension in primary care are older, with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular disease and worse control of blood pressure.