Few epidemiological studies have specifically investigated the prevalence of cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors and hypertension in migrant populations.Objective:
Few data are available on Chinese migrants in Italy, in spite of the fact that over the past two decades the country's Chinese immigration has dramatically increased.Objective:
The aim of this study is to provide an epidemiological profile of the Chinese community Healthcare condition specially estimated of the CVR factors and prevalence hypertension.Design and method:
A questionnaire on simple anthropometric information was given to Chinese residents in China Town, Milan, in the World Hypertension Day from 2013 to2015, to describe to prevalence of major CVR factors and in particular an estimate of hypertension in general Chinese community living in Milan.Design and method:
Hypertension was defined as either taking anti-hypertensive drugs and/or had elevated BP levels based on the onsite measurement. Subjects were divided in 3 groups according to the duration of immigrations in Italy (<5years, 5–10 years and >10 years).Results:
487 Chinese (mean age ± SD = 47.9 ± 12.2yrs, Male 54.6%) had completed the questionnaire. Most of them were living in Milan over 10 years (62.1 %). Current smoking rate was 28.3%, higher in males than in females (44.9% vs. 8.2%) (p < 0.0001). Similarly, BMI were higher in males (24.9 ± 3.0 kg/m2) than in females (23.2 ± 3.6 kg/m2) as well. 25.8% of the included subjects had family history of diabetes and/or stroke. Overall, 325 (66.7%) subjects were considered as hypertensive either by the onsite measurement or by self-report. Among them 224 (69.4%) were taking anti-hypertensive drugs but only 109 (48.7%) of those on antihypertensive treatment had their BP under control.Conclusions:
Chinese immigrants living in Milan have a high prevalence of CVR factors. We also observed a prevalence of hypertension in over the middle age Chinese immigrants, in comparison to what reported in the general population in China (27%).Conclusions:
These data indicate the necessity for Italian public and local healthcare system to consider the high prevalence of CVR factors in Chinese population and the necessity of careful monitoring of antihypertensive treatment.