Females and the elderly, demonstrate low scores of health-related quality of life (H-rQoL) as far as coronary artery disease is concerned. We assessed the hypothesis that age and gender have an influence on H-rQoL in the setting of essential hypertension (EH).Design and method:
We studied 154 subjects with untreated uncomplicated stage I-II EH (aged = 54.9 ± 8 years, male = 78 female = 76, office BP = 152/92 mmHg). Both female and male group of patients were matched for age, office BP and lipid parameters. The validated Greek version of the Short Form 36 (SF-36) General Health Survey questionnaire was administered to all participants. The eight subscales were further grouped into two summary scales: the physical component summary (PCS) and the mental component summary (MCS). Nonparametric Mann-Whitney ans Spearmann tests were performed.Results:
scored significantly lower in the physical functioning dimension when compared to men (Table). This decline in the female group is negatively correlated to age (r = -0.328, p = 0.002).Conclusions:
Older women may represent a more vulnerable group of hypertensives, as far as their physical functional capacity is concerned. Quality of life has hitherto been underestimated but should be more intensively considered in parallel to hypertension control.