The association between blood pressure and lipid levels in Europe: European Study on Cardiovascular Risk Prevention and Management in Usual Daily Practice

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Abstract

Objectives:

Several studies have suggested a positive association between serum lipid levels and blood pressure (BP). This study investigated this association in a large population from 12 European countries.

Methods:

Data were taken from the European Study on Cardiovascular Risk Prevention and Management in Usual Daily Practice (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00882336). Associations between BP and lipid levels in patients free from cardiovascular disease and with at least one major cardiovascular disease risk factor (N = 7641) were assessed using linear regression analyses.

Results:

Overall, 72.8 and 64.8% of patients had hypertension and dyslipidaemia, respectively; 47.0% had both conditions. Regression coefficients (95% confidence interval) for the associations of LDL cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, total cholesterol and apolipoprotein B levels with SBP, adjusted for age, sex and BMI, were 0.93 mmHg/mmol per l (0.54–1.31), 1.07 mmHg/mmol per l (0.73–1.40), 1.02 mmHg/mmol per l (0.69–1.35) and 4.94 mmHg/g per l (3.43–6.46), respectively. The corresponding values (95% confidence interval) for the associations with DBP were 0.96 mmHg/mmol per l (0.73–1.19), 0.95 mmHg/mmol per l (0.75–1.15), 0.87 mmHg/mmol per l (0.67–1.07) and 4.33 mmHg/g per l (3.42–5.23), respectively. Most of these associations remained significant whether patients were treated with statins or not.

Conclusion:

Small but statistically significant associations between lipid levels and BP were observed in a large, multinational European population. Further research is warranted to assess the causality of this association and its implications on the management of patients with both hypertension and dyslipidaemia.

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