The sirtuin1 gene associates with left ventricular myocardial hypertrophy and remodeling in two chronic kidney disease cohorts: a longitudinal study

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Background:Oxidative stress and inflammation are major drivers of myocardial hypertrophy in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The silent information regulator gene 1 (Sirt1) is a fundamental mediator of the response to oxidative stress and inflammation and promotes myocardial growth under stress conditions; therefore, it may contribute to myocardial hypertrophy and concentric remodeling of the left ventricle (LV) in CKD.Methods:We investigated the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationship between three candidate polymorphisms in the Sirt1 gene and LV parameters in two cohorts of CKD patients including 235 stage G5D patients and 179 stages G1–5 patients, respectively.Results:In both cohorts, the C allele of the Sirt1 rs7069102 polymorphism associated with the posterior wall thickness in separate and combined analyses (beta = 0.15, P = 2 × 10−3) but was unrelated with the LV volume and the LV mass index indicating a peculiar association of this allele with LV concentric remodeling. Accordingly, the same allele was linked with the LV mass-to-volume ratio in separate and combined (beta = 0.14, P = 2 × 10−3) analyses in the same cohorts. Furthermore, in longitudinal analyses patients harboring the C allele showed a more pronounced increase in LV mass-to-volume ratio over time than patients without such an allele (regression coefficient = 0.14, 95% confidence interval: 0.05–0.23; P = 3 × 10−3 in the combined analysis).Conclusion:The rs7069102 polymorphism in the Sirt1 gene is associated with LV concentric remodeling in two independent cohorts of stages G5D and G1–5 CKD patients. These results offer a genetic basis to the hypothesis that the Sirt1 gene plays a causal role in myocardial hypertrophy and LV concentric remodeling in these patients.

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