A15895 The prevalence of hypertension among school-children and adolescents in Beijing

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Abstract

Objectives:

To describe the prevalence of Hypertension among children and adolescents aged 6–17 in Beijing.

Methods:

Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey which was conducted in 2017.30 primary or middle schools were selected from 4 districts located southern northern eastern and central location in Beijing,15 392 (7 746 boys and 7 646 girls) school children aged 6–17 were recruited with height, weight, blood pressure measured. Fasting glucose (FPG),total cholesterol (TC), were measured in 14 420 subjects. Hypertension was diagnosis by the age-sex-height specified blood pressure reference standards of China.

Results:

The mean age was 10.9 years and 11.0 years in boys and girls. BMI ((20.6 ± 4.8) vs (19.6 ± 4.4)Kg/m2,t = 2.326,P = 0.02),SBP ((112 ± 12) vs (107 ± 10) mmHg, t = 13.294,P < 0.001),FPG ((5.2 ± 0.4) vs (5.1 ± 0.4)mmol/L, t = 3.233,P = 0.001),were significant higher in boys than in girls; DBP ((60.2 ± 7.3) vs (60.6 ± 7.1) mmHg, t = 27.212,P < 0.001), TC ((3.8 ± 0.8) vs (4.0 ± 0.7) vs mmol/L, t = 9.552,P < 0.001) were significant lower in boys than in girls. In boys BMI,SBP,FPG and TC were significant higher in rural than in urban, DBP was lower in rural than urban, the same in girls excepted that TC showed no obvious difference between rural and urban girls. The prevalence of total hypertension was 16.3% (grade 1 and grade 2 hypertension were 14.6% and 1.7%) in boys and 13.2%(grade 1 and grade 2 hypertension were 12.0% and 1.0%) in girls. Systolic hypertension was the main type among Children.

Conclusion:

Hypertension becomes common health problem even among children and adolescents, prevention and control of hypertension should start from

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