A16392 Study of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Civil Servants of Gitega Town with Regard Arterial Hypertension

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Abstract

Objectives:

To assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices of civil servants working in Gitega town with regard to HTA

Methods:

A cross-sectional study of a cohort of civil servants working in different public departments of the town of Gitega. It was conducted from March to May 2017 on 165 respondents who accepted and signed the informed consent form. A pre-established questionnaire was used in the data collection. The data capture and processing were done with Excel 2016. The results were analyzed by calculating the proportion of participants according to HTA knowledge, attitudes, and practices

Results:

The mean age was 38.5 ± 11 years with a sex ratio of 1.84 in favour of men. Sixty-eight respondents (41.21%) had a parental history of hypertension and 13 (7.88%) had a history of hypertension. One hundred and fifty-eight respondents (96%) already had information about hypertension. Ninety (54.55%) knew the normal values of blood pressure. The most known risk factors were excess of salt (75.76%), alcohol consumption (72.73%), obesity (53.33%), and smoking (41.82%). The target organs listed in descending order were heart (89.09%), brain (61.82%) and vessels (58.18%). Sixty-nine respondents thought that HTA was a curable condition and 157 (89.09%) proved the need for its prevention. 50.30% of participants knew their blood pressure. Of the 13 patients with HTA, 8 (61.53%) regularly took antihypertensive medication, 9 (69.23%) were regular checkers, and 12 practiced physical activity as a control or preventive practice.

Conclusion:

HTA gaps are observed among civil servants in semi-urban areas of Burundi. Awareness campaigns about HTA of the entire population are necessary.

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