A17473 The effect of nutrional transition on the incidence of hypertension in Subsaharan Africa\

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Objectives:Food consumed by the populations, in their variety, determines largely their health, their growth and their development (WHO, 2003). But, however, the behaviour at risk as the tobacco consumption and lack of physical exercise, also play an important role. All this takes place in a social, cultural, political and economic environment which can damage the health of the populations (Zoyem et al, 2008). Thus, the objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between westernization of behavior and hypertension.Methods:For this work, we use the principal component analysis (Saporta, 1990). Our analysis concerns 26 countries of sub-Saharan zone of Africa. These countries were chosen according to the criterion of availability of statistical data. The Variables are divided into two groups. The first one is constituted by variables concerning the phenomenon of westernization of behavior whereas the second concerns extra load metabolic diseases.Results:The results show that the affections such as hypertension, obesity and cardiovascular diseases are correlated in following behavioral factors: the urbanization, the offer of dietary energy and the addiction to smoking. Indeed, an increase of the rate of urbanization and offer of dietary energy cause an increase of obesity and hypertension. Furthermore, cardiovascular diseases also grow when the rate of urbanization and the addiction to smoking increase.Conclusion:The food of societies in the world is marked by successive evolutions (Cambrezy, et Janin, 2003). So, several emerging countries and developing country are freeing gradually to problems of food insecurity and are confronted with the problems caused by chronic diseases connected to food (IRD, 2012). Associated to important changes in the food systems, this transition is made in a very fast w

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