Exploring the epidemiology of hypertension in Indonesian women.Methods:
This is a big data analysis from 5th wave of Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS 5). Variables were gathered and merged through personal identification number. Data of male respondent and those aged less than 15 were dropped. A descriptive study was used through STATA 12 software to describe the results.Results:
There are 17198 complete data. The prevalence of hypertension is 24.5%; the prevalence increase consistently every decades. Among all women, 629 are smoker, 5.5% and 8% are stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension, respectively, compared to 2.7% of normotensive subjects. Mean BMI of those who are not pregnant is 23.97 kg/m2, it is 25.5 kg/m2 and 25.2 kg/m2 in stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension respectively. Interestingly, 5.1% among those on treatment still smoke and their mean BMI is 25.5 kg/m2. Among 13,169 reproductive age women, there are 649 pregnant women and 3.85 % of them are hypertensive. There are 1.5%, 4.4%, 3.9%, and 0% hypertensive women in age group below 20, 21 to 30, 31 to 40, and 41 to 50 respectively. There are 5829 women using birth control, 81.6% using hormonal methods, and 15.46% of them are hypertensive. Despite the high blood pressure at the physical examination, 61.2% were still given the hormonal birth control program.Conclusion:
Prevalence of hypertension in women overall is lower than the national prevalence. Prevalence of hypertension in pregnancy is 3.9%. Hormonal birth control is still used despite the high blood pressure.