Abnormal adipocyte function is implicated in both the pathophysiology of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiac function, where adiponectin provides a putative link. However, the utility of adiponectin as a discriminator of CHD severity is unclear and may be confounded by cardiac function. We hypothesized that plasma adiponectin would relate to indices of coronary artery disease severity (coronary atheroma scores, CAS), ejection fraction (EF) and regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA) therein.Method
We measured adiponectin using a cross-sectional approach, we measured plasma adiponectin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 204 consecutive patients (aged 34–81 years) undergoing elective coronary angiography.Results
Levels of adiponectin decreased in an ordinal fashion across tertiles of increasing CAS (P = 0.047), but were nonsignificantly correlated to absolute values of CAS (P = 0.06). Adiponectin levels were unrelated to left ventricular dysfunction related measures of RWMA or EF. On multivariate analysis, (including factors relating to CHD risk, history and medication) adiponectin levels were independently inversely associated with triglycerides (P = 0.001), CAS tertiles (P = 0.01) and positively with age (P < 0.001).Conclusion
Levels of adiponectin decreased with coronary artery disease severity, without impact from systolic dysfunction, but levels may be moderated through established CHD risk factors such as smoking and triglycerides. Further work is warranted as to the clinical prognostic utility of this marker amongst CHD patients.