Anti-ApoA-I IgG antibodies are not associated with carotid artery disease progression and first-time cardiovascular events in middle-aged individuals

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Abstract

Objective:

IgG antibodies against apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) have been found to be elevated in subjects from the general population with clinically manifest cardiovascular disease and in myocardial infarction patients with an adverse prognosis. Here, we investigated whether these antibodies are prospectively associated with carotid artery disease progression and with the risk for first-time cardiovascular events in individuals with no previous history of cardiovascular disease.

Approach and results:

We selected 383 subjects from the cardiovascular cohort of Malmö Diet and Cancer study who suffered a coronary event during a median follow-up period of 15.4 (10.3–16.4) years and 395 age- and sex-matched controls. None of the study participants had a previous history of coronary artery disease or stroke. Anti-ApoA-I IgG were measured by ELISA in serum samples collected at baseline. Intima-media thickness (IMT) was measured in the common carotid artery and in the carotid bifurcation at baseline and after 15.9 (±1.5) years. We found no associations between anti-ApoA-I IgG and carotid artery IMT at baseline or with IMT progression during follow-up. In Cox proportional hazards analyses adjusted for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, the hazard ratio (HR 95%CI) for the primary outcome, incident coronary events, was 0.97 (0.75–1.25), P = 0.782, in subjects with anti-ApoA-I IgG within the highest tertile compared with the lowest tertile. Similarly, we did not find any associations with the secondary outcome, incident first-time stroke.

Conclusions:

Serum autoantibodies against ApoA-I do not correlate with disease progression and adverse events in cardiovascular disease-free individuals from the general population.

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