A baculovirus-expressed chimeric recombinant IgG1 (rIgG1) antibody, with Cγ1 and Cκ human constant domains, was derived from the murine monoclonal antibody 13B8.2, which is specific for the CDR3-like loop of the CD4 molecule. The recombinant IgG1 antibody 13B8.2 was previously shown to inhibit HIV-1 replication and to abrogate the one-way mixed-lymphocyte reaction and block proliferation of CD3-stimulated peripheral blood CD4+ lymphocytes from healthy donors. Before testing this recombinant anti-CD4 antibody in in vivo preclinical trials, in vitro mechanisms of action of rIgG1 13B8.2 were assessed using various CD4+ T-cell lymphomas. The baculovirus-expressed rIgG1 13B8.2 antibody led to 14% to 40% proliferation inhibition of the lymphoblastic leukaemia-derived SUP-T1, the acute T lymphoma-derived CCRF-CEM and Jurkat, and the cutaneous T-Cell lymphoma-derived HUT-78 cell lines, but it did not affect the cell cycle nor induce cell apoptosis. rIgG1 antibody 13B8.2 bound the C1q fraction, leading to 9% to 17% complement-mediated lysis of the HUT-78, H9, Sup-T1, and the CCRF-CEM cell lines. No correlation was observed between cell sensitivity to rIgG1 13B8.2-triggered complement-dependent lysis and CD35-, CD46-, CD55-, and CD59-surface expression on T lymphoma cells. Using fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis, the antibody was shown to bind to FcγRI/CD64-transfected IIA1.6, FcγRII/CD32-transfected CDw32L, and FcγRIII/CD16-transfected Jurkat CD16+ cell lines. In correlation with these findings, rIgG1 13B8.2 induced 11% to 31% antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity of the CCRF-CEM, SUP-T1, A2.01 CD4+, and Jurkat cell lines. These convincing results on the activity of the recombinant chimeric anti-CD4 antibody 13B8.2 have led us to perform in vivo preclinical study in a murine xenograft model of CD4+ lymphomas.