Chromoionophores Based on Crown Ethers and Related Structures for Alkali Metal Ion Sensing in Aqueous Media

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Abstract

Recent progress in chromoionophores based on (1) spherand and hemispherand, (2) cryptand, and (3) dibenzo-16-crown-5 and calix[4]crown which selectively respond to alkali metal ions in aqueous media is reviewed in relation to their molecular structure and photometric function. The design concept of the chromoionophores for colorimetry in aqueous media is discussed in the light of their acid dissociation and metal complex formation equilibria.

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