The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life of children and adolescents with any type of cancer in all phases of their treatment.Methods
Fifty-six newly diagnosed patients diagnosed with malignancy and hospitalized in a Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Unit in Athens were included in the study. Minneapolis-Manchester Quality of Life Instrument was used for data collection from July 2010 to December 2012. The assessment of children and adolescents’ quality of life who were under treatment was performed in three different stages of treatment.Results
The results of the study showed that the quality of life of children and adolescents with cancer did not change notably during their treatment (F = 0.16, P = 0.86 and F = 0.03, P = 0.97). For the first measurement, at the beginning of the therapy, the score on the scale for quality of life for children and adolescents was 3.44 and 3.88, respectively, in the middle of the treatment 3.36 and 3.89, respectively, and 3.43 and 3.89, respectively, when therapy was completed. Children and adolescents diagnosed with hematologic cancer stated higher quality of life scores (z = −1.61, P = 0.05 and t = 2.64, P = 0.007). Moreover, teenage patients (F = 13.22, P = 0.001) and male patients (t = 2.31, P = 0.02 and t = 2.27, P = 0.02) expressed better quality-of-life scores.Conclusion
According to the results, children and adolescents with any kind of cancer have better quality-of-life scores at the end of their treatment, and when they are supported by their family.