A retrospective study of treatment and prophylaxis of ifosfamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis in pediatric and adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with solid tumors

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective

Ifosfamide (IFO) is considered an essential drug for the treatment of pediatric, adolescent and young adult patients with solid tumors. Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is one of the dose-limiting toxicity of IFO. However, there are insufficient evidence for risk factor and supportive care of IFO-induced HC.

Methods

In this retrospective study, patients (<30-year-old) with malignant solid tumors who had been treated with IFO-based chemotherapy, were categorized according to the presence or absence of HC, and were analyzed possible risk factors for IFO-induced HC. In our institution, continuous hydration to increase urine output and intravenous 2-mercaptethane sulfonate (mesna) are used for prophylaxis of IFO-induced HC. Increased hydration and dosage of mesna are administered to patients who develop IFO-induced HC; they also receive 24-h continuous infusion of mesna in subsequent treatment cycles.

Results

Nine treatment regimens were used in the 70 study patients. The range of daily IFO dosage was 1.2–3.0 g/m2. HC occurred in 14/425 IFO-based chemotherapy cycles (3.3%). The daily IFO dosages (mean ± SD) in patients with or without HC were 2.23 ± 0.58 g/m2 and 1.85 ± 0.50 g/m2, respectively (P = 0.006). Only one of the nine patients who developed IFO-induced HC had experienced this complication in a subsequent cycle of treatment.

Conclusion

The incidence of IFO-induced HC may be associated with the dosage of IFO. When administering IFO higher than 2.0 g/m2/day, the volume of hydration, dosage of mesna and duration of mesna infusion should be increased to prevent HC.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles