Clinical predictors for high-grade bladder cancer before first-time transurethral resection of the bladder tumor: a retrospective cohort study

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the clinical predictors related to the risk of high-grade bladder cancer before first-time transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TUR-Bt) and to externally validate the accuracy of Shapur's nomogram predicting the risk of high-grade bladder cancer in Japanese patients. As a result, episode of gross hematuria (odds ratio: 2.68, P = 0.02), larger tumor size (odds ratio: 1.89, P < 0.01) and positive urinary cytology (odds ratio: 8.34, P < 0.01) were found to be significant predictors for high-grade bladder cancer. Furthermore, the nomogram showed a high predictive accuracy in our Japanese population (area under the curve: 0.79). Clinicians will be able to predict high-grade bladder cancer using the common factors in Shapur's study and ours, such as tumor size and urinary cytology, and gross hematuria as the additional factor first identified here to decide priorities for the treatment of patients diagnosed with bladder cancer.

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