Retrospective Cohort Analysis of Pedal Procedures in the Thrombocytopenic Patient

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Abstract

Thrombocytopenia is an important medical condition to understand prior to performing procedures in the foot and ankle. We have set forth to highlight factors a physician should take into consideration before performing procedures in the thrombocytopenic patient. A retrospective cohort analysis at a large academic institution was undertaken utilizing a cohort discovery tool to discover incidence and management strategies for patients with foot-related conditions that require in-office procedures. We demonstrate that a full history and physical are important to guide treatment along with complete blood count testing prior to intervention. We included all patients at the institution that underwent a foot and ankle procedure in-office with podiatric surgery over 10 years where thrombocytopenia was demonstrable via complete blood count within 3 months of the procedure. Patients’ charts were reviewed for 1 year following podiatric intervention and outcomes were recorded. The cohort reveals that patients with thrombocytopenia have many advanced comorbidities but performing procedures in this cohort is safe. Complications from procedures included erythrocyte transfusion, ulcer recurrence, need for formal surgical intervention, infection, falls, and death. We then provide a brief discussion about the etiology and management options available for thrombocytopenia.

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