Chronic Cervicitis: Presenting Features and Response to Therapy

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Abstract

Objectives

Chronic nongonococcal nonchlamydial cervicitis is a condition of unknown etiology. Data about treatment options are limited. Our goal was to review a single center's experience in managing women with chronic NGNCC.

Methods

We evaluated all encounters at a tertiary care center with ICD-9 code for cervicitis between April 2008 and March 2014. Cases were defined by having two of the following 3 diagnostic criteria: mucopurulent discharge noted by (1) patient or (2) practitioner, and (3) cervical bleeding upon gentle probing. All women had negative nucleic acid amplification testing for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Trichomonas vaginalis. Information regarding patient demographics, symptoms, findings, treatment, and outcomes were analyzed. Cure was defined as resolution of patient-specific diagnostic criteria.

Results

Sixty-one women were identified. The mean age was 31 years; 73.7% were white, and 59% were nulliparous. The mean duration of symptoms was 25.2 months. Initially, all 61 patients received one of 3 antibiotic treatments. The cure rate after initial antibiotic treatment was 65.6%. Nineteen patients required at least one further treatment. Additional treatments included secondary antibiotics, hormonal treatments, vaginal hydrocortisone, silver nitrate, cryotherapy, and loop excision electrosurgical procedure. Cure rates were as follows: 57.9% with antibiotics, 50% with hormone treatment, 0% with hydrocortisone, 100% with silver nitrate, 0% with cryotherapy, and 100% with loop electrosurgical excisional procedure. Of the initial 61 women, 93.4% were eventually cured.

Conclusions

Nongonococcal nonchlamydial cervicitis is a condition that can cause unremitting symptoms. Most patients will respond to antibiotics, although other treatments including surgery may be necessary.

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