The aim of the study was to evaluate the outcome of persistent (≥2 years) low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 1) treated with loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP).Materials and Methods
A study of 252 subjects with persistent biopsy-confirmed CIN 1 diagnosed after low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions or atypical squamous lesions of undetermined significance on Papanicolaou test and treated with LEEP. Post-LEEP follow-up cytological, colposcopic, and molecular diagnostic examinations were scheduled at 6 months, 1 year, and yearly thereafter.Results
The 252 subjects enrolled had a total number of 1,008 visits per colposcopies (median = 3, range = 1–7) during a median post-LEEP follow-up of 25 months (range = 12–121). The cumulative incidence of CIN 2+ at 2 years and at 3 years of follow-up was 2.3% (4/176) and 5.5% (7/128), respectively, or 1.7 cases (95% CI = 1–2.8) per 100 woman-years. Low-grade cervical lesions during post-LEEP follow-up were diagnosed in 70 subjects (27.8%) or 10 cases (95% CI = 7.9–12.6) per 100 woman-years. Overall, persistent and multiple high-risk HPV infections during follow-up were associated with increased rates of CIN persistence or progression.Conclusions
Women with persistent CIN 1 after atypical squamous lesions of undetermined significance/low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion treated with LEEP had a low rate of progression to CIN 2+ but remained at a high risk of low-grade cervical abnormalities during follow-up. This information should be taken into account when deciding on the treatment strategy and counseling women with persistent CIN 1.