High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Detection in Urine Samples From a Referral Population With Cervical Biopsy-Proven High-Grade Lesions

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Materials and Methods

This is a prospective study, in which 350 patients diagnosed previously with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2 or higher were enrolled. Urine and cervical specimens were collected. Urine was tested with the HPV-HR test and cervical specimens were tested with the Cobas.


Of the 336 evaluable patients, there were 271 cases of CIN 2+, of which 202 were CIN 3+ and the remaining 65 patients were less than CIN 2. Positivity was 77.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 72.5–81.5) for the urine samples and 83.6% (95% CI = 79.6–87.6) for the cervical samples. Agreement between cervical and urine samples for HPV detection was 79.8% (κ = 0.363; 95% CI = 0.243–0.484). Sensitivity for CIN 2+ was 83.4% (95% CI = 78.4–87.6) for urine and 90.8% (95% CI = 86.7–92.9) for cervical samples. The sensitivity for CIN 3+ was 85.6% (95% CI = 80.0–90.2) for urine and 92.6% (95% CI = 88.0–95.8) for cervical samples. Specificity for worse than CIN 2 was 50.8% (95% CI = 33.7–59.0) and 46.2% (95% CI = 33.7–59.0) for urine and cervical samples, respectively.


Although these results demonstrated slightly higher detection rates for HR-HPV and clinical sensitivity in cervical samples than in urine, when compared with histological diagnoses, urine sampling is a viable alternative to access women who do not participate in routine screening programs.

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