Mosaicism introduces wide variability into the clinical expression of numerical and unbalanced structural chromosomal abnormalities.The phenotypic range of variability of 45,X/46,XY mosaicism extends from Turner syndrome to mixed gonadal dysgenesis to normal males. The specific phenotype is primarily dependent on the chromosomal constitution of the developing gonad. Similar phenotypic variability is observed with mosaicism for 45,X and a second cell line with an abnormal sex chromosome. This report describes a patient with Turner syndrome and a patient with mixed gonadal dysgenesis who have identical karyotypes, namely 45,X/46,X,idic(Y)(p11.2). While mosaicism alone might have accounted for the phenotypic differences, by PCR analysis the Turner syndrome patient was SRY and ZFY negative and the mixed gonadal dysgenesis patient was SRY and ZFY positive.
(J Med Genet 1998;35:862-864)