FatalBalamuthia mandrillarisinfection in a gorilla – first case of balamuthiasis in Germany

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Abstract

Background

A 12-year-old female western lowland gorilla died in a zoological garden in Germany after exhibiting general neurological signs.

Methods

Balamuthia mandrillaris was identified as causative agent by indirect immunofluorescent staining of brain sections and confirmed by PCR and respective sequencing.

Results

The animal suffered from a chronic progressive necrotizing amebic meningoencephalitis.

Conclusion

This is the first case of Balamuthia amebic encephalitis in Germany.

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