Assessment of left ventricular volumes and mass with fast 3D cine steady-state free precessionk-tspace broad-use linear acquisition speed-up technique (k-t BLAST)

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Abstract

Purpose:

To compare left ventricular (LV) volume and mass assessment using two-dimensional (2D) cine steady-state free precession (SSFP) and k-t space broad-use linear acquisition speed-up technique (k-t BLAST) accelerated 3D magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Materials and Methods:

On a commercially available 1.5T MR scanner, 2D cine SSFP, six- and eight-fold accelerated 3D k-t BLAST were performed to evaluate LV volumes and mass in 17 volunteers. After semiautomatic segmentation of the different MR data sets, the resulting volumes and mass were compared according to the mean difference, 95% confidence interval, standard deviation (SD), Pearson's correlation coefficient, Bland-Altman analysis, and the Pitman-Morgan test.

Results:

Data acquisition was successful in all subjects. The number of required breathholds was reduced from a maximal of five for the 2D cine SSFP sequence to two for 3D k-t BLAST sequences. Comparing LV volumes, there was excellent agreement between 2D and 3D cine 8× k-t BLAST SSFP volumes (mean difference ± 2SD end-diastolic volume [EDV] = 5 ± 8 mL, end-systolic volume [ESV] = 1 ±12 mL, and stroke volume [SV] = 3 ± 8 mL), and mass (–1.8 ± 9 g).

Conclusion:

k-t BLAST–accelerated 3D sequences allow accurate assessment of LV volumes and mass compared to 2D cine SSFP. This method may reduce costs and increase patient comfort due to shortened data acquisition time and reduced number of breathholds. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2007. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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