To develop, implement, and evaluate a novel postprocessing method for enhancing the spectral resolution of in vivo MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) data.Materials and Methods:
Magnetic field inhomogeneity across the imaging volume was determined by acquiring MRI datasets with two differing echo times. The lineshapes of the MRSI spectra were derived from these field maps by simulating an MRSI scan of a virtual sample whose resonance frequencies varied according to the observed variations in the magnetic field. By deconvolving the lineshapes from the measured MRSI spectra, the linebroadening effects of the field inhomogeneities were reduced significantly.Results:
Both phantom and in vivo proton MRSI spectra exhibited significantly enhanced spectral resolutions and improved spectral lineshapes following application of our method. Quantitative studies on a phantom show that, on average, the full width at half maximum of water peaks was reduced 42%, the full width at tenth maximum was reduced 38%, and the asymmetries of the peaks were reduced 86%.Conclusion:
Our method reduces the linebroadening and lineshape distortions caused by magnetic field inhomogeneities. It substantially improves the spectral resolution and lineshape of MRSI data.