Role of Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Gallbladder Cancer

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Abstract

Purpose

To determine the additional diagnostic value of high b-value diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) compared to conventional biliary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for differentiating gallbladder (GB) cancer from benign GB diseases with wall thickening.

Materials and Methods

Thirty-nine patients with GB cancers and 36 patients with cholecystitis having preoperative biliary MRIs were included. All patients underwent unenhanced T1- and T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), Gd-enhanced dynamic MRI, and DWI (b values 0, 100, 500, 1000 s/mm2). Two radiologists independently analyzed two sets of MRI for characterization of GB lesions: a conventional biliary image (CBI) set with T1- and T2WI and a dynamic image; and a DWI set composed of DWI and a CBI set. Diagnostic accuracy and sensitivity were evaluated using the receiver operator characteristic method. The mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the lesions were also calculated.

Results

The Az values were 0.856 and 0.960 for reviewers 1 and 2, respectively, with the CBI set and increased to 0.952 and 0.983 with the DWI set. The mean ADC value of GB carcinoma was 1.46 ± 0.45 × 10−3 mm2/s and that of cholecysititis was 2.16 ± 0.56 × 10−3 mm2/s (P < 0.0001).

Conclusion

Adding DWI to the standard biliary MRI protocol may improve sensitivity for distinguishing GB cancers from benign GB diseases with wall thickening. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;38:127–137. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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