Optimizing Cine MRI for Uterine Peristalsis: A Comparison of Three Different Single Shot Fast Spin Echo Techniques

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Abstract

Purpose

To determine the optimal single shot fast spin echo (SSFSE) technique by varying interval between image acquisitions for cine MRI of uterine peristalsis.

Materials and Methods

MRI was performed in 13 premenopausal women (4 normal and 9 with benign pelvic pathology) in various phases of their menstrual cycle. Midsagittal uterus was scanned using a multiphasic SSFSE technique at 2-, 3-, and 4-s intervals over 2 min. Three readers independently and randomly evaluated for peristaltic frequency/2 min, longitudinal direction and intensity of peristalsis in three imaging parameters. Contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) were also obtained.

Results

Peristaltic frequency for the 2, 3, and 4 s was 2.2 ± 2.3, 3.3 ± 1.5, and 3.6 ± 1.3 waves/2 min, respectively. It increased by 1.5 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.31–2.64) waves/2 min with 4 s compared with 2 s. Direction was detected for the 2, 3, and 4 s in 5/13(38%), 9/13(69%) and 12/13(92%) women. Compared with 2 s, intensity of peristalsis in endometrial movement (P = 0.04), signal change of the JZ (P = 0.03), and spread into outer myometrium (P = 0.02), CNRendometrium-JZ by 57% (P < 0.001), and CNRouter myometrium-JZ by 45% (P < 0.01) increased with 4 s.

Conclusion

Cine MRI with SSFSE sequence for uterine peristaltism is best performed using a 4-s scan interval. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;38:161–167. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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