Histogram analysis of apparent diffusion coefficient at 3.0t: Correlation with prognostic factors and subtypes of invasive ductal carcinoma

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To evaluate apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram parameters that show correlations with prognostic factors and subtypes of breast cancer.

Materials and Methods:

At 3.0T, various ADC histogram parameters were calculated including the entire tumor volume in 173 invasive ductal carcinomas: the minimum, 10th percentile, mean, median, 90th percentile, and maximum. ADC parameters were correlated with prognostic factors and subtype.


The mean ADCmedian value was significantly higher in the group with lymph node metastasis, HER2 positivity, and a Ki-67 value <14% than in the group with negativity for lymph node metastasis, HER2 negativity, and a Ki-67 value ≥14% (0.907, 0.978, and 0.941 vs. 0.735, 0.778, and 0.761 × 10−3 mm2/s, respectively) (P < 0.01). There was no significant correlation between ADCmedian and tumor size, histologic grade, estrogen receptor expression, and progesterone receptor expression (P = 0.272, 0.113, 0.261, and 0.181, respectively). For most ADC parameters except for ADCmin, the mean of variable ADC parameters of HER2-positive, luminal A, luminal B-HER2(+), triple-negative, and luminal B-HER2(–) diseases were arranged in descending order (1.175, 0.936, 0.863, 0.811, and 0.665 × 10−3 mm2/s in ADCmedian, respectively) with statistical significant difference (P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, histologic grade, the Ki-67 index, and HER2 expression were statistically significant explanatory prognostic factors for ADCmedian and the Ki-67 index had the most robust effects on ADC parameters (standardized coefficient = –0.317).


Various ADC parameters were correlated with prognostic factors and subtype, except for ADCmin. HER2 positivity showed high ADC values and high Ki-67 index revealed low ADC values. J. MAGN. RESON. IMAGING 2015;42:1666–1678.

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