Slip-casting properties of Si3N4 with Y2O3 and Al2O3 as sintering additives

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The effects of particle charging and powder–liquid suspension stability on the slip-casting properties of Si3N4 powder were examined. Y2O3 and Al2O3, used as sintering additives, were seen to affect the dispersion stability of the base material (Si3N4). The zeta potentials of the three powders and the rheological behaviour of the 55 wt% solids-loaded slips, involving known concentrations of a polymeric deflocculant (Dolapix PC33), showed that the multicomponent system can be dispersed stably within the pH range 9–11. Green compacts, obtained by casting these slips into plaster moulds, were found to give densities in the range 50–61% of the theoretical value.

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