The kinetics of surface induced sinter crystallization and the formation of glass-ceramic materials

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A thorough analysis is given of a process which is of great importance for the formation of many present day glass ceramic materials: sinter-crystallization. In the first part of the paper the problems determining surface induced nucleation of glasses are analyzed, emphasis being given to the influence of elastic strains and surface contamination by active substrates. The second stage of the analysis is centred on the dependence of crystal growth and overall crystallization kinetics on the mean size of an ensemble of sintering glass grains. Here a formalism is derived, connecting overall crystallization with the mean size of the crystallizing system of glass particles. In the third part the interdependence sintering – crystallization is investigated. Several cases of this interrelation are analyzed in details for different mechanisms of growth of nuclei, athermally formed on the grain surface.

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