Evidence-Based Practice and Job-Related Nurse Outcomes at Magnet®-Aspiring, Magnet-Conforming, and Non-Magnet University Hospitals in Finland: A Comparison Study

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to compare nurses’ evidence-based practice (EBP) beliefs, EBP knowledge, and nurse workforce outcomes between Magnet®-aspiring, Magnet-conforming, and non-Magnet university hospitals in Finland.

BACKGROUND:

The effect of Magnet designation on EBP and nursing workforce outcomes is well studied where Magnet hospitals exist. Less is known about it in countries where hospitals are embarking upon the initial Magnet journey.

METHODS:

A descriptive cross-sectional national survey was conducted at Finnish university hospitals with a convenience sample (n = 943) of practicing nurses. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

RESULTS:

Although nurses’ EBP beliefs were favorable and they were satisfied with their jobs, they reported low levels of EBP knowledge. Statistically significant differences were found between hospitals’ Magnet journey status and nurses’ levels of perceived EBP knowledge.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although nurses believed in the value of EBP and were satisfied with and likely to stay in their jobs and in nursing, they lacked the EBP knowledge required for integrating best evidence into clinical care.

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