Osteoporosis Knowledge and Health Beliefs Among Men in Midlife Years

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To examine the role of socioeconomic variables on middle-aged adult men's knowledge and health beliefs about osteoporosis.


An anonymous survey used validated scales to assess osteoporosis knowledge and health beliefs in a sample of 262 men aged 36–55 years. Descriptive and group-differences statistics (MANOVA and ANOVA) were used.


Total osteoporosis knowledge was low (mean, 11.1 of 22) and mean scores on perceived susceptibility and seriousness health belief domains were also low: 13.2 and 17.2, respectively out of 30. Multivariate ANOVA revealed that perceived seriousness, barriers to calcium intake, and health motivation varied significantly with level of formal education attained (P < .05). There was no significant difference with income.

Conclusions and Implications:

Results of this convenience sample of predominantly white men found that level of osteoporosis knowledge and perceived susceptibility were low. Given the increased prevalence of osteoporosis-related fracture in men, methods to increase knowledge and awareness are needed.

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