Validation of a Shortened Version of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire and Associations with BMI in a Clinical Sample of Latino Children

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Abstract

Objective:

To examine the validity of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) through the associations of its 3 subscale scores (food responsiveness, slowness in eating, and satiety responsiveness) with body mass index (BMI).

Design:

Cross-sectional study of baseline data from a clinic-based obesity prevention and control randomized controlled trial.

Participants:

Latino pediatric patients (n = 295) aged 5–11 years from a federally qualified health center in San Diego County, CA, with BMI percentiles ranging from 75.5 to 99.0.

Main Outcome Measure:

Child BMI-for-age percentile computed using the standardized program for the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts.

Analysis:

Principal components analysis and multivariate linear regressions.

Results:

Principal components analysis showed a factor structure relatively similar to that of the original 3 CEBQ subscales, with acceptable internal consistency and between-subscale correlations. Analyses demonstrated the validity of the 3 subscales: child BMI was positively associated with food responsiveness (β = .336; P ≤ .001) and negatively associated with slowness in eating (β = −.209; P ≤ .001) and satiety responsiveness (β = −.211; P ≤ .001).

Conclusions and Implications:

The 14-item CEBQ scale may be useful for assessing obesogenic eating behaviors of Latino children. Further study is needed to replicate these findings.

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