Dietary Intake Changes in Response to a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Reduction Trial for VariousSupplemental Nutrition Assistance Program(SNAP) Eligibility Groups

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Objective:To examine dietary intake differences resulting from a sugar-sweetened beverage reduction intervention by 3 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation groups: SNAP participants (n = 56), income-eligible nonparticipants (n = 30), and income-ineligible nonparticipants (n = 60).Methods:Adults in southwest Virginia were enrolled in a 6-month behavioral trial. The researchers collected SNAP enrollment status and 3 24-hour dietary recalls at baseline and 6 months. Repeated-measures ANOVAs were used to assess differences in dietary intake among SNAP participation groups.Results:No significant group × time differences were found for energy density, Healthy Eating Index scores, Healthy Beverage Index scores, or intake of total calories, added sugars, and sugar-sweetened beverages. However, several within-group improvements were noted: income-ineligible nonparticipants and SNAP participants improved in more areas compared with income-eligible nonparticipants, including intake of total calories, added sugars, and sugar-sweetened beverages.Conclusions and Implications:This exploratory analysis suggests that the overall effectiveness of a sugar-sweetened beverage intake reduction intervention was not influenced by SNAP eligibility and participation status, because there were no significant group by time differences over the intervention. It is important to recognize for future programs that different approaches to improving dietary intake may be needed to match the characteristics of this audience better. This may be accomplished by attempting to decrease the disparity gap between income-eligible nonparticipants and those receiving SNAP or who are income ineligible through the use of programs such as SIPsmartER.

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