Persistent migration of neuroblasts from the subventricular zone to the injured striatum mediated by osteopontin following intracerebral hemorrhage

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We investigated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced lateral migration of neuroblasts and the mechanism underlying this migration. ICH model was induced by collagenase injection into the striatum of adult wild-type and osteopontin (OPN) knockout mice. In the wild-type mice, the lateral migration of neuroblasts from the ipsislateral subventricular zone (SVZ) towards the hematoma started at day 3 and continued up to day 28 after ICH. In addition to migrating towards the hematoma, neuroblasts also migrated to the area of ipsilateral striatum remote to the hematoma. The migrating neuroblasts were closely associated with activated astrocytes and blood vessels in the injured striatum. Following ICH, the expression of OPN was up-regulated in the ipsilateral striatum from day 1 to day 28. In vitro, OPN treatment did not affect the proliferation of neural progenitors, but enhanced the trans-well and radial migration of neural progenitors. In vivo, OPN deficiency did not affect the proliferation of neural progenitors in the SVZ. However, following ICH a significant decrease in lateral neuroblast migration was observed in the OPN knockout mice compared with the wild-type mice. These results suggest that increased OPN expression in the injured striatum plays a significant role in the lateral migration of neuroblasts following ICH.

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