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This review reflects on the origins, development, publishing trends, and scientific directions of the Journal of Neurochemistry over its 60 year lifespan as seen by key contributors to the Journal's production. The Journal first appeared in May 1956 with just two issues published in that inaugural year. By 1963, it appeared monthly and, by 2002, 24 hard copy issues were published yearly. In 2014, the Journal became online only. For much of its time, the Journal was managed through two separate editorial offices each with their respective Chief Editor (the ‘Western’ and ‘Eastern’ hemispheres). The Journal was restructured to operate through a single editorial office and Editor-in-Chief from 2013. Scientifically, the Journal progressed through distinct scientific eras with the first two decades generally centered around developments in methodology followed by a period when publications delved deeper into underlying mechanisms. By the late 1980s, the Journal had entered the age of genetics and beyond, with an increasing focus on neurodegenerative diseases. Reviews have played a regular part in the success of J Neurochem with focused special and virtual issues being a highlight of recent years. Today, 60 years and onwards, J Neurochem continues to be a leading source of top-quality, original and review articles in neuroscience. We look forward to its continued success at the forefront of neurochemistry in the decades to come.This article celebrates 60 years of publication of Journal of Neurochemistry including personal reminiscences from some of the Chief Editors, past and present, as well as input from some of the key contributors to the Journal over this period. We highlight the scientific, technological, and publishing developments along the way, with reference to key papers published in the Journal. The support of the Journal toward the aims and objectives of the International Society for Neurochemistry (ISN) is also emphasized.