HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS TYPES 1 AND 2 IN ORGANOTYPIC CULTURES OF MOUSE CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM 2. ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC OBSERVATIONS OF MYELIN DEGENERATION

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Abstract

Organotypic cultures of mouse spinal cord with attached dorsal root ganglia, which contain both central and peripheral myelin in the one unit of tissue, were infected with HSV 1 or HSV 2 and studied using electron microscopy. Intranuclear viral nucleocapsids and intrcytoplasmic enveloped particles were found in the Schwann cells associated with peripheral myelin and in oligodendroglia associated with central myelin. Degeneration of peripheral myelin most commonly involved an asymmetrical swelling of the myelin lamellae, whereas degeneration of central myelin was characterized by a more generalized swelling resulting in separation of the myelin lamellae. Degeneration of both central and peripheral myelin was found in the presence of intact axons which were indistinguishable from those in controls.

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